South-South cooperation, as an important element of international cooperation for development, offers viable opportunities for countries of the South in their individual and collective pursuit of sustained economic growth and sustainable development. During the past decade, its potential and role in development has been increasingly recognized in a number of major international conferences that highlighted measures be taken to promote South-South cooperation and raising global awareness including through the mass media and other channels of communication.(see report of the Secretary-General on ‘measures to promote and facilitate South-South cooperation’)
With the aim of mobilizing global awareness of, and support for, South-South cooperation for inclusive development, the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 58/220 of 23 December 2003, proclaimed the 19th of December as the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, with the first such United Nations Day held on 19 December 2004. The event has since served as a vibrant platform for the international community to celebrate achievements; share development successes; explore new avenues for collaboration; forge innovative and inclusive partnerships; and launch concrete collaborative schemes towards achieving internationally development goals (IADGs), including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), under South-South, East-East, East-South, public-private, and North-South-South triangular arrangements.
In December 2011, the General Assembly, on the recommendation of the Second Committee, decided that, beginning in 2012, the observance of the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation would be changed from 19 December to 12 September, to mark the day in 1978 when the United Nations Conference on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries adopted the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries.
For more information about the event and access statements of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Day for South-South cooperation, please visit the website http://www.un.org/en/events/southcooperationday/index.shtml